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GNU/Linux Ubuntu

Linux is an operating system kernel developed by Linus Torvalds in the early 1990s along with the addition of system tools developed by Richard Stallman for the GNU project and the free software foundation which provides free software applications like web browsers, office applications, and photographic editors etc, all of which are provided free under the general public licence agreement. There are now many different distributions of Linux, the Ubuntu distribution being further developed from the Debian distribution of the Linux operating system. Distrowatch has a database which demonstrates the staggering number and growth of the different distributions. http://www.distrowatch.com

Ubuntu an African word "meaning humanity to others" or "I am what I am because of what we all are". The Ubuntu distribution brings the spirit of Ubuntu to the software world.

The Ubuntu web site

The Ubuntu community's home page is the ideal place to start to gain the knowledge and support of the Ubuntu distribution, you can download a free ISO image of the operating system to burn to CD/DVD to create a live CD.

www.ubuntu.com

There is another company behind Ubuntu called Canonical who founded and funded the Ubuntu distribution, there are regular distributions of new versions released every six months and there's long term security updates and support provided, this web site provides support documentation, a community run wiki-guide, a frequently asked questions page and a community run forum.

www.ubuntuforums.org

The Ubuntu versions are given different names with each new release the history so far is from the first release which was called Warty warthog followed by hoary hedgehog, breezy badger, dapper drake, edgy eft, feisty fawn, gutsy gibbon, hardy heron, intrepid ibex, jaunty Jackalope, karmic koala, lucid lynx, Maverick Meerkat, Natty Narwhal, Oneiric Ocelot and the latest Precise Pangolin.

There is also www.linuxquestions.org which provides advice and support, this web site provides support documentation, a hardware compatibility list, and advice on laptops and desktop computers that support the various Linux distributions.

Hardware compatibility list

You can check for compatible hardware devices at ubuntuhcl.org/

X86 architecture, Pentium, Celeron, Athlon and Semperon, 64 bit AMD and Intel systems and Sun UltraSPARC based systems. You can run Ubuntu on 256 MB of RAM and 4 GB of hard drive space.

Burning a Live CD/DVD

To burn the ISO image file to CD/DVD you need to use a disc burning utility that will convert an ISO file and extract the contents to be burnt to a CD/DVD disc, the original ISO file that you downloaded from the Ubuntu site is compressed and appears as one file so when you burn it to CD/DVD you need to check the contents, there should be lots of files on the CD/DVD instead of just the one file if it's been burnt and extracted properly, a free copy of Imgburn will do the job nicely you can obtain this at imgburn.com it's recommended to burn the CD at 20x speed to get an accurate copy, after successfully burning a Live CD of Ubuntu you need to make sure the computer you're going to use it on is adjusted in the BIOS setup to boot from the CD-ROM drive first.

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